In sixth grade, students are more accustomed to the academic and social demands of middle school. They continue to develop their sense of self and independence. Students build organizational and time-management skills as they progress through the school year. Creative and collaborative opportunities for growth arise for students in all classes, building upon the adolescent need for socialization and developing key twenty-first century communication skills.
Faith class in sixth grade begins by focusing on understanding important aspects of the Old Testament. Students learn about key Biblical figures, events, and traditions. There is a special emphasis on the covenants established between God and His people throughout salvation history. Additionally, throughout the year, students learn about key elements of the New Testament and modern events in Church history – such as Marian apparitions, devotion to Divine Mercy, revelation of Jesus's Sacred Heart, and the lives of saints like John Paul II, St. Thérèse, St. Maximillian Kolbe, and St. Faustina. During the class, applications of The Faith to everyday life are made and ideas for further growth are shared.
Our science curriculum is on a two-year cycling schedule. The fifth and sixth grade students work on the same unit simultaneously to accommodate this structure. Some units are further enriched for additional challenges at the sixth grade level.
a. Earth science units are covered in the first trimester of the school year. In Cycle A (2018-2019 school year), the Planetary Systems unit "helps students clarify and expand their knowledge of our solar system, and Earth as a planet, through a series of activities, discussions, presentations, and reading selections" (Carolina Science, 2014). Students learn about planets, moons, asteroids, comets, and meteoroids. In Cycle B (2017-2018 school year), the Ecosystems unit "students set up terrariums for crickets and isopods and aquariums that contain duckweed, algae, elodea, guppies, and snails. Connecting the two habitats to create an 'ecocolumn,' students observe the relationship between the two environments and the organisms living within them" (Carolina Science, 2014).
b. Physical science units are covered in the second trimester of the school year. In Cycle A (2018-2019 school year), the Mixtures, Compounds, and Elements unit "explores the three basic types of matter and the chemical and physical properties that distinguish them. Students are challenged to determine whether samples are pure substances or mixtures" (Carolina Science, 2014). In Cycle B (2017-2018 school year), the Motion and Design unit "combines the physics of forces and motion with technological design. Students use plastic construction materials, weights, rubber bands, and propellers to design and build vehicles, then test how those vehicles respond to different forces of motion" (Carolina Science, 2014).
c. Life science units are covered in the third trimester of the school year. In Cycle A (2018-2019 school year), the Respiration and Circulation unit allows students to study these two systems that help sustain life. Students analyze breathing and examine the design and model of the respiratory system as well as investigating cellular respiration and how the heart pumps blood to the rest of the body, among other topics. In Cycle B (2018-2019 school year), the Plant Growth and Development unit provides students with the opportunity to grow their own plants. "Using plants that complete their life cycle in 35 days, students are able to watch germination and maturation while learning about the specific parts of a plant and the function each serves" (Carolina Science, 2014).
d. In December and January, students participate in the C-STEM fair individually or with a partner. Students come up with original science or engineering-based project ideas that follow either the scientific method or engineering design process. Students first research the concepts and then either perform an experiment or construct their project in order to solve the problem that they have stated. Students are judged, and those with the top projects have the opportunity to move on to a diocesan-wide STEM fair.
e. The main field trip for fifth and sixth graders happens every other year so that each class goes once. Students spend two days and nights at Eagle Bluff Environmental Learning Center in Lanesboro, accompanied by teachers and parent chaperones. This is an awesome opportunity for students to bond while participating in outdoor education! In addition, we go to the Minnesota Science Museum.
Details coming soon.
Engineering in 6th grade continues in the SmartLab as students continue to explore 8 realms of STEM. Middle school SmartLab® programs emphasize discovery and exploration. Teams of learners apply a wide range of technologies to project work as they rotate through a carefully crafted sequence of learning engagements. This ensures a broad base of foundational experiences and an ever-changing mix of ideas and inspiration. Students are encouraged to choose an appropriate level of challenge, apply their own interests and learning styles, and explore questions of personal relevance. With increased autonomy, ^th grade learners begin to take more responsibility for their learning.
The students continue using Defined STEM, an integrated Project-Based Learning (PBL) curriculum as well. Our PBL course puts the 4 C's of learning into action: creativity, communications, critical thinking, and collaboration in order to meet the needs of 21st century learners. Students participate in performance tasks in either groups of three or four centered around science or social studies topics. They are career-focused and present real-world problems such as analyzing historical coins in shipwrecks, describing the purpose of dams and designing one, and establishing an assembly line for a product of choice. By creating presentations, maps, scale drawings, diagrams, brochures, and reports, students are able to convey the information they find to others.
Pre-Algebra – A 6th grader involved in this course is on the path to take Algebra as a 7th grader and Geometry as an 8th grader. Topics covered in this course include but are not limited to the following: integers; rational numbers; solving equations and inequalities; ratios, proportions, and percents; Geometry: angles, shapes, transformations, area, surface area, and volume; graphing and writing linear equations; real numbers and Pythagorean Theorem; exponents and scientific notation. The textbook used in Pre-Algebra is titled Big Ideas Math Accelerated.
Details coming soon.
In 6th grade, students continue to use the American Journey Early Years textbook. Students will have the chance to dig deeper into launching the Republic, nationalism, sectionalism, and the Civil War by engaging in classroom activities that include technology and collaboration.